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What are the types of automotive cables

Views: 12     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-09-22      Origin: Site

In the production of automobiles, automotive cables are indispensable. A car with various electronic components requires different types of automotive cables for connection, so it is essential to learn how to distinguish between different types of automotive cables, as using the wrong cable connection can lead to the failure of the equipment to function correctly and, in severe cases, can cause fire accidents.

In this article, automotive cable manufacturer Maojia will share the cables commonly used in automotive, marine, RV, and motorcycle applications. So that you can learn to distinguish between automotive cables and avoid accidentally using household wires for automotive repair use, it is essential to know that there is a big difference between household wires and automotive cables, and they are very different in terms of heat resistance and corrosion resistance and other properties.

automotive wiring harness-1

Let's look at what kinds of automotive cables are available below.

1. "GPT" or "Main" wire

This is the most common type of wire you will find in automotive stores. As the name implies, it is an excellent general-purpose automotive wire. It has a multi-stranded core and flexible insulation, making it ideal for running through tight spaces. It is typically rated for 80ºC (176ºF). However, some are also rated at 105ºC (221ºF). It is resistant to oils, chemicals, and acids.

2. "1015" "Hookup" or "Motor" wire

The significant difference between GPT and motor wire is that motor wire has thinner strands. This allows it to handle higher voltages.

The motor wire is rated for 600 volts and 105ºC (221ºF). It is resistant to grease, oil, acids, water, solvents, and fungi.

Although most commonly used as internal wiring for appliances and HVAC equipment, motor wire is increasingly used in automotive applications.

3. SXL Wire

SXL Wire is sheathed in cross-linked polyethylene and is more resistant to higher heat, abrasion, and aging than GPT wire. It is often the first choice for high-stress applications such as racing or industrial vehicles. If you're looking for extra durability, this is a good choice.

GXL and TXL wire have the same type of insulation but thinner walls, making it easier to get through tight spaces.

4. Speaker wire

Speaker wire is stranded wire in pairs for audio applications. As the name implies, it is designed to carry "sound" from a stereo receiver to a speaker. It is suitable for low-voltage applications and should never be used to carry loads. Speakers can run "backward" (out of phase), but they sound bad - so it's essential to connect the + and - terminals correctly. 5.

5. battery cable

The battery cable is typically used to connect the battery to the car's electrical system (usually at the starter) and the ground. It is a larger gauge and heavier wire. The battery cable is most susceptible to corrosion and often gets corroded inside it where it cannot be seen. If you are experiencing starting problems, check the battery cable carefully.

6. Trailer cable

Trailer cables are usually GPT or main cables, colored and configured for typical trailer applications. Most trailers use a universal tinting system that uses green, yellow, brown, and white for various lighting functions. Purchasing "trailer" wiring makes trailer rewiring or repair projects more accessible. It also helps diagnose problems in the future.

Suppose you still have questions about the types of automotive wiring harnesses after reading the above introduction. In that case, you can also view our custom automotive cable products through our product section "Automotive Wiring Harness" to deepen your understanding of automotive cables through actual product diagrams. Of course, if you have other questions about automotive cables or procurement needs, you can contact us directly - Maojia, a professional cable manufacturer.


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